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Title: Predictors of health-related quality of life in community-dwelling stroke survivors: a cohort study
Authors: Sturm, Jonathan
White, J.
Magin, P.
Attia, J.
McElduff, P.
Carter, G.
Keywords: Neurology;Stroke
Year: Aug-2016
Citation: Volume 33, Issue 5, pp. 382 - 387
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL) post stroke is common, though prevalence estimates vary considerably. Few longitudinal studies explore post-stroke patterns of HRQoL and factors contributing to their change over time. Accurately identifying HRQoL after stroke is essential to understanding the extent of stroke effects. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess change in levels of, and identify independent predictors of, HRQoL over the first 12-months post-stroke. METHODS: Design. A prospective cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling stroke survivors in metropolitan Newcastle, New South Wales (NSW), Australia. Consecutively recruited stroke patients (n = 134) participated in face-to-face interviews at baseline, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. OUTCOME MEASURE: HRQoL (measured using the Assessment Quality-of-life).Independent measures. Physical and psycho-social functioning, including depression and anxiety (measured via Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), disability (Modified Rankin Scale), social support (Multi-dimensional Scale Perceived Social Support) and community participation (Adelaide Activities Profile). ANALYSES: A linear mixed model was used to establish the predictors of, change in HRQoL over time. RESULTS: On multivariable analysis, HRQOL did not change significantly with time post-stroke. Higher HRQoL scores were independently associated with higher baseline HRQoL (P = 0.03), younger age (P = 0.006), lower disability (P = 0.003), greater community participation (P </= 0.001) and no history of depression (P = 0.03). CONCLUSION: These results contribute to an understanding of HRQoL in the first year post-stroke. Community participation and stroke-related disability are potentially modifiable risk factors affecting post-stroke HRQoL. Interventions aimed at addressing participation and disability post-stroke should be developed and tested.
ISSN: 0263-2136
DOI: 10.1093/fampra/cmw011
Journal Title: Family Practice
Appears in Collections:Neurology

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